VDN Vereinigte Deutsche Nickel-Werke AG is a holding company, which invests in networks of companies. It operates through the following segments: Fastening Systems, Nonferrous Metal Technology, Payment Systems, Home Decorations, and Other Investments. The Fastening Systems segment provides clamp systems and nail systems. The Nonferrous Metal Technology sells semi-finished products and preliminary products such as tapes, rods, and wires made of molten nickel and nickel alloys. The Payment Systems segment offers coin blanks and coins. The Home Decorations segment manufactures and designs wallpapers, curtains, table coverings, and self-adhesive foils. The Other Investments segment consists of RI Holding GmbH, Langbein Pfanhauser Werke GmbH, VDN Gastronomieservice GmbH, and DOAG USA, Inc. The company was founded on February 1, 1873 and is headquartered in DÃ¼sseldorf, Germany.