Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd. engages in the operation and franchise of household goods retail stores. It operates business through the following segments: Franchising Operations; Retail-New Zealand; Retail-Singapore and Malaysia; Retail-Slovenia and Croatia; Retail-Ireland and Northern Ireland; Other Non-Franchised Retail; Retail Property; Retail Property Under Construction; Property Developments for Resale; Equity Investments; and Other. The Franchising Operations segment consists of the franchisor operations of the consolidated entity. The Retail-New Zealand segment comprises of the wholly-owned operations in the retail trading operations in New Zealand under the Harvey Norman and Norman Ross brand names. The Singapore and Malaysia segment covers the controlling interest in the retail trading operations under the Harvey Norman and Space brand names. The Retail-Slovenia and Croatia segment involves the wholly-owned operations in the retail trading operations in Slovenia and Croatia under the Harvey Norman brand name. The Retail-Ireland and Northern Ireland segment operates and trades in Ireland and Northern Ireland under the Harvey Norman brand name. The Other Non-Franchised Retail includes retail trading operations in Australia. The Retail Property segment offers land and buildings for each site that is fully operational or is ready and able to be tenanted. The Retail Property Under Construction comprises of sites that are currently undergoing construction at balance date intended for retail leasing. The Property Developments for Resale engages in land and buildings acquired by the consolidated entity, to be developed, or currently under development, for the sole purpose of resale at a profit. The Equity Investments refers to the trading and investment in listed securities. The Other segment relates to credit facilities provided to related and unrelated parties. The company was founded by Gerald Harvey and Ian John Norman in October 1982 and is headquartered in Sydney, Australia.